Healthy diet means that food intake helps maintain, restore or improve health. It is an automatic process and also a voluntary act that is conditioned by a variety of factors that determine good or bad food. It forms the basis of how to improve your health. Proper nutrition is one of the pillars of health and development, helps to strengthen the immune system, resulting in less illness and allows you to enjoy better health. Healthy people are stronger, more productive and better able to develop their full potential.
A balanced diet is considered, along with exercise, an important way to reduce health risks associated with obesity and hypertension among other diseases. During the formative years, good food and nutrition are vital for health and well-being throughout life. Breastfeeding is most important, in spite of which only a third of infants are exclusively breastfed for the first six months.
There are a variety of positions and approaches that aim to define a healthy diet as well as various food guides. The World Health Organization gives five recommendations, applicable to both individuals and groups. Eating an equal number of calories that your body is consuming. Increasing consumption of plant foods, especially fruits, vegetables, legumes, grains and nuts.
Reduce fat intake and consume preferably unsaturated fatty acids instead of saturated fats or trans fatty acids and reduce sugar intake. A 2003 report recommended that you should consume less than 10% sugar. Reduce intake of salt and sodium, irrespective of their origin, and consume iodized salt.
There is a probable relationship between lifestyle, including food, and decrease in the potential risk of diseases such as cancer and other chronic ailments. A healthy diet can involve the intake of plant foods with limited high-energy food, alcohol and salt consumption while reducing consumption of carbonated drinks and meat cooked with processed oil.
Some chronic diseases in the West are associated with increased levels of IGF-1. Some findings of molecular biology and epidemiology suggest that consumption of milk promotes the development of chronic diseases such as atherosclerosis, carcinogenesis. Some long-term studies have shown more conclusive relationship between red meat consumption and colon cancer and its relationship with other health effects.
Similarly, studies conducted in Germany and England have come to conclude that vegetarians are 40% less likely to suffer from cancer. Unhealthy diets are a major risk factor as regards the development of a number of chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, overweight and obesity, cardiovascular disease or cancer. WHO estimates that about 2.7 million deaths each year is associated with diets of low consumption of vegetables and fruits. Therefore, this is regarded as a most widespread cause of preventable death.
Compliance with the rules of a healthy diet combined with regular exercise reduces the risk of chronic diseases and disorders. The composition of the ideal human diet depends on the type of activity, lifestyle and place of residence, but there are more or less universal tips developed by health organizations. The governments of many developed countries annually allocate funds for promoting healthy lifestyles and, in particular, a healthy diet.